Biochemistry which involves a wide range of serum safety analysis, urine chemistry, special chemistry and endocrinology. Some of the analysis includes liver enzymes, ion-selective electrodes and allergens.
Hematology works with whole blood to perform full blood counts, blood film reading as well as many other specialised tests eg reticulocyte counting
Coagulation requires whole blood samples containing sodium citrate as an anticoagulant to analyze blood clotting times and coagulation factors.
Urinalysis analyses certain components such as protein, specific gravity and pH detected in the urine at specific levels. Microscopy reviewing of the urine sample will provide additional information on the urine status